The most popular are infrared thermography, nuclear moisture testing, electrical impedance testing, and vector mapping of electric fields. The first three techniques actually test for the presence of water in the roof assembly. The last two will actually identify the leak, even if it is too small to be easily seen. Water tests are used to literally test the roof with controlled water sources in order to find the location of the source of the leak.
Water tests can reveal leaks in the ceiling itself, HVAC units, walls, penetrations, or any other area. Peach State Roofing has found that most of the time a water test is completed, it usually reveals that the source of the leak is something different from the roof system itself. To complete the water test, you will need two people. One person will have to climb to the roof with a hose, and the other person will have to enter the attic with a bucket and bright light.
You have to be patient when performing a water test because it can take hours to find the leak. Allow water to slowly run through areas that you think are causing the leak. It may take some time before the water starts to seep into it. If this method does not show a leak within an hour, allow the roofing material to dry for 24 hours and try again in a different area.
Once the leak is found, push a large nail up through the roof to mark the location of the leak. You can also mark the roof to know exactly where the leak is. A flood test is a simple but effective way to check if the membrane is intact and has any defects. Once the outlets have been blocked and the roof has been filled with a limited amount of water, it is simply a matter of waiting to see if a leak occurs underneath.
First, ask your roofer to perform a visual inspection for obvious areas where water could enter your home. Then do a simple water test. Have one person look in the attic and another in the house. Have a Roofer Climb to the Roof with a Working Garden Hose.
Have the roofer begin to introduce water to the lower parts of the roof and move it up. Have all 3 people be on a cell phone conference line so that if water is seen entering the attic or house, the person on the roof can turn off the water supply. If the IR image is performed after sunset, exposed areas of the roof and walls that have a high moisture content will retain significantly more heat than the surrounding dry areas. Other factors to consider when choosing a system include the size of the roof, the relative costs of each test, the availability of qualified professionals, and that other, less technological, but still effective methods may be available.
The procedure involves placing a portable moisture meter on the roof surface, which sends an electric current to the roof without penetrating its membrane. The IntegriScan is a portable, low-voltage electronic leak detection (ELD) quality control test that identifies gaps in roofing or waterproofing assemblies. Once the location has been found, it is good practice to have the leak start and stop several times by isolating and spraying only the suspected breach, with little or no amount of wash water running down the wall or ceiling. The depth of the water can vary on the surface and naturally some areas will be much deeper than others, unless the roof is completely flat and without undulations on the surface.
ASTM E1105 and AAMA 501.2 test methods are good general methods that are commonly used to test exterior walls, pitched glazing, and shallow pitched roofs to help identify sources of leaks. Most roof leaks are hard to find, and the hardest part of repairing a roof leak is finding where the leak is. All a flood test will reveal is that there is a leak and it is very unlikely that the cause of the leak will be identified, meaning that the search for it will have to occur. As with capacitance scanning, a skilled researcher can use the areas of elevated temperature detected by the IR equipment, assume that it is due to a high moisture content, and therefore concentrate detailed visual inspections on these areas to isolate the source of the leak.
A pressure differential that simulates wind between the inside and outside of the building is created and the interior is inspected for leaks. Then, the entire roof area is moistened with water, which creates an electrical plate all over the top of the membrane when charging the test unit. running water), while waterproofing systems are designed to prevent the passage of water under hydrostatic pressure (i. .